What is Bill C-51?

What is Bill C-51?

Bill C-51, the Anti-Terrorism Act

June 16, 2015 bY Benjamin Tabesh, CPP, PSP and Rob Bayley, PSP

Bill C-51, is “an act to enact the Security of Canada Information Sharing Act and the Secure Air Travel Act, to amend the Criminal Code, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and to make related and consequential amendments to other Acts.”

This bill basically reinforces the rights of the Canadian federal government to conduct investigations through CSIS (Canadian Security and Intelligence Service), and is contained in approximately 60 pages of documentation. Just like any official regulation, the contents are a heavy read, but some of the most important points can be interpreted quite easily as briefly outlined below.


What does Bill C-51 change?

In its broadest terms, Bill C-51 will make it easier for CSIS officers and basically all law enforcement officers in Canada to conduct surveillance or monitor any Canadian’s activity and arrest individuals who pose potential threats.  This new law allows officials to conduct a thorough inspection of anyone seeking to leave the country. According to Steve Banley, Minister of Public Safety Canada, Bill C-51 is properly in line with the government’s commitments to protect Canadian from any possible terrorism activity.

While terrorism certainly makes the headline, the bill is not only focused on this issue. The most fundamental change that the bill brings is that police authorities now have greater powers to target any activity which possibly undermine the security of the country including anything that is considered detrimental to Canada’s interest. Thanks to the bill, security officials are granted the permission to conduct surveillance on any Canadian for a wider variety of reasons.


How does Bill C-51 affect Canadians?

Based on the bill, federal institutions are now allowed to access any information about any Canadian, even when the information was previously designated as confidential. For example, tax information is held and accessible only by the Canada Revenue Agency, but this protected information will now be made available to any government security official under the bill.  It allows the government to identify literally all potential threats, even the minor ones, more easily than ever. From the perspective of national security, this method of investigation makes sure that nothing or no one can hide from the government. However, the bill also makes sweeping changes to the privacy of Canadians.

The definition of what is considered “private information” will change as the bill becomes an active law. For many broad reasons – one of them is the terrorism issue – Canadians’ confidential information can be shared between security institutions for the sake of national security. Bill C-51 allows not only security institutions, but actually quite a number of federal institutions to use, distribute, and receive this information under the law. CSE (Communication Security Establishment), one of Canada’s intelligence agencies, is also given access.


When did the bill pass and when will changes take effect?

By a vote of 44 to 28, Bill C-51 passed through the Senate on Tuesday June 9, 2015. The bill is now on the final process of becoming a law, awaiting royal assent from the Governor General.


Who will be affected by the law and what has been the public reaction?

The law is applicable to just about every Canadian and everyone else who is currently in Canada. Based on the vote result last Tuesday, most Liberal senators and all independent senators voted against the bill. All the Conservative senators and 2 Liberal senators voted for Bill C-51.

Canadians are reacting differently, but there is a massive opposition of hundreds of thousands of Canadians. One of the most notable reactions comes from one of the largest security-oriented organizations in the world, the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). The organization suggests that the anti-terrorism bill actually violates at least two Canada-ratified declarations including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

What are the most noticeable impacts on Canadians’ everyday lives?

There are several aspects of Canadians’ everyday lives that will be affected by the bill, and most of them are concerning privacy. In term of security, however, Bill C-51 promises better controls over any activity which may lead to terrorism. At least three ordinary activities will be affected, including:

  • Restricted travel: because the bill also reinforces the Passenger Protect Program, the government can now add anyone to the already existing no-fly list. In case the government finds any deemed-suspicious personal information, it is possible to add someone to the list. People who are added to the list may not easily acquire boarding passes and can be subject to more in-detail investigations.
  • Strict online censor: ISP and telecom providers are required to remove any content that can be considered terrorism propaganda. This also includes the contents that slightly indicates or relates to terrorist propaganda. Anonymity, as one of the advantages of the Internet, is simply no longer guaranteed. The government allows for greater online surveillance so anyone can be located and identified.
  • Material possessions: under the bill, Canadian customs officers are granted greater power to search and seize anything that they consider related to terrorist propaganda. Anything means everything including signs, audio recording, pictures, photos, and even written notes. Phone and computer searches are also allowed.

How can Bill C-51 help us?

In the past few months in Canada, threats of terrorism have increased, indicated by at least two incidents, including the killing of two Canadian soldiers and the highly concerning forcible entry to Parliament Hill in which Canada’s federal politicians were at serious risk of harm.

From the perspective of security, Bill C-51 addresses any possibility of terrorism threats very seriously.  In other parts of the world, many anti-terror measures have not been authorized specifically, and Canada is one of the first countries to implement the anti-terrorism act. For the vast majority of Canadians, Bill C-51 endeavours to ensure everything is under control, and reduce the threat of terrorism lower than ever before.

With the government and other law enforcement institutions in the country taking part in the bill, any potential threat can be more easily identified and prevented.


Benjamin Tabesh CPP – Bespoke Concierge Services

Condor Security CEO Benjamin Tabesh, CPP, PSP speaks with Canadian Security Magazine

June 5, 2015 By Benjamin Tabesh

For more than 30 years, Canadian Security Magazine has been an active voice for the security industry in Canada.  It is the leading publication in Canada for corporate security directors, life safety managers and loss prevention professionals as well as integrators and service providers.

Ben Tabesh, CEO of Condor Security, recently participated in a roundtable hosted by Canadian Security Magazine with executives of other security service provider organizations.  The primary topic of the roundtable was the advantage of working with small and medium-sized local security companies for clients who want a personal touch, and customized security services.

How to Advance in a Security Career

Turn a Security Job into a Security Career

June 4, 2015 By Condor’s Team

A career in the security field is often misunderstood.  The demands of more secure environments in private sectors and public places keep increasing, therefore security has now grown into a multi million dollar industry, providing multitudes of opportunities for anyone pursuing a career in this particular field. As opposed to the general public’s view of security careers, this job does not only revolve around physical security, but also a myriad of other fields including but not limited to security of information, economic crime, terrorism, and fraud. Each field requires professionals in order to prevent potential misuse or attacks from anyone or crime organizations.

Each field also requires a different set of skills that professionals must acquire. Those who are pursuing careers in security fields are facing challenges to improve their overall knowledge and understanding of how security works. Every type of security pathway requires broad knowledge of how the business works in order to prevent potential crimes. In retail organizations, for example, shoplifting is an increasing problem, as well as internal employee theft. Cyber and information industries also face increasing challenges by hackers; identity theft, leaked company information, and the possibility of information trading are some of the greatest obstacles. Medical environments such as hospitals also need to implement better privacy security, the same thing can be said to hotels. Even the government and public areas need better security professionals to prevent and handle potential security concerns.

Depending on the field, there is a different path to take to advance your career. In general, security professions can be divided into three major categories including:


  • Contract Security or Proprietary Security: the main concerns in this particular field are assets protection. Professional security guards/officers who possess the necessary skills to handle the tasks are greatly needed by many different institutions, agencies, and business.


  • Private or Public Places: it is true that security positions are mainly required by the private sector, but government agencies especially at federal levels also need security professionals to do the equivalent task of their proprietary counterparts.


  • Law enforcement: government has its own law enforcement officers, but security professionals are almost always the first to be at the crime scene. Moreover, professional security people are required to prevent and handle critical situations and implement security plans and programs before government’s law enforcement arrive.


To actually stand out from the crowd of security professionals, anyone should always learn all the necessary skills and broaden their knowledge about every specific field that he/she works on. As mentioned earlier, security is not always about physical-oriented power, but also privacy concerns and even economic-related issues. Based on that, courseworks in security are not merely about physical strength and the ability to prevent physical crime, but also involve computer science, business management, psychology, philosophy, political science, police science, electronics, information management, etc.


Specific Security Fields


Based on the aforementioned three major divisions, security careers are spread across a multitude of industrial sectors as briefly outlined below.


  • Banking or Financial: a security professional has to deal with financial institutions and related fields such as credit cards, mortgage, internet banking, insurance companies, and more. The potential earnings for entry-level personnel range from $35,000 – $65,000 annually. Certified personnel can earn up to $100,000.
  • Commercial Real Estate: security professionals in this field manage physical environments such as residential buildings and shopping malls. Salary for entry-level ranges from $40,000 to $50,000
  • Cultural Properties: the perfect examples of cultural properties are museums and art galleries. Security personnel are responsible for visitors’ health & safety, fire protection, technical services, and even administrative. Salary for entry level starts from $20,000 to $40,000 per year.
  • Educational Institution: security professionals operate in educational institutions such as private schools, universities, and colleges. Entry level salary reaches $40,000 to $50,000 annually.
  • Gaming Security: security professions in the increasing number of gaming and gambling facilities. Entry level salary is approximately $8 to $15 per hour.
  • Government/Industrial: this is probably the most challenging, and usually requires academic degrees from accredited institutions and strict background checks. Proven track record is required as well. Entry level salary ranges from $55,000 to $75,000.
  • Healthcare Security: this field involves responsibilities ranging from asset protection to employee investigations. Bachelor degree is usually a minimum requirement and experience in health care service is desired. Entry level salary ranges from $30,000 to $50,000.
  • Information Systems: security professionals in this field are required to provide safety protection for hardware, software, and all related processes. It is necessary to allow authorized users to have access while maintaining security procedures. Certifications such as CISSP are required. Entry level salary starts from $40,000 to $80,000.
  • Investigations: this field involves plenty of specialty knowledge such as computer forensics, crime analysis, potential workplace violence, and more. Degrees in criminal justice, criminology, and business are desired. Entry level salary starts from $35,000 to $55,000. Certified professionals can earn up to $85,000.

PSISA Regulations and Fines

July 21, 2014 By Condor’s Team
All security guards and concierge staff in working in the private security field in Ontario are required to be in full compliance with all regulations set by the Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services.  Regardless of whether a Security Guard works in North York, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Markham, downtown Toronto, or anywhere in Ontario, regulations set out in the PSISA must be followed.
Police officers throughout Ontario have the option of issuing tickets for violations of the Private Security and Investigative Services Act.  For individual offenders, convictions under Part III lead to a fine of up to $25,000, imprisonment for up to one year, or both.
Examples of offences under the Private Security and Investigative Services Act of Ontario are below.  Fines for these offences range from $100 to $250 per offence.
  • Fail to carry security guard licence
  • Represent revoked licence as valid
  • Represent suspended licence as valid
  • Fail to identify self as security guard on request
  • Fail to produce security guard licence on request
  • Act or hold out as security guard without appropriate licence
  • Act or offer services under licence — is not entitled to work in Canada
  • Act or offer services under licence — does not have clean criminal record
  • Represent licence as valid when no longer meeting licensing requirement
  • Security guard — when identifying self or nature of services, use terms or variations of the terms:
    • “police”
    • “officer”
    • “Detective”
    • “law enforcement”
  • Security guard — fail to wear uniform that complies with the regulations:
    • proper identification tag not affixed to uniform as required
    • name, logo or crest of licensed employer not affixed as required
    • term “SECURITY,” or “SECURITY GUARD” in required form and colour not affixed to front of uniform as required
A full list of all offences may be viewed on the Ontario Court of Justice website at: http://www.ontariocourts.ca/ocj/how-do-i/set-fines/set-fines-i/schedule-74/
The Private Security and Investigative Services Act of Ontario and all its regulations may be viewed on the website for the Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services, Private Security and Investigative Services Branch at: http://www.mcscs.jus.gov.on.ca/english/PSIS/PSIS_main.html

The Art of Developing Condos

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June 9, 2014 By Benjamin H. Tabesh, CPP, Condor Security CEO

The Art of Developing Condos

in Condo Business Magazine

For centuries, public art has been used to demonstrate the vibrancy of civilizations, influencing the Ancient Romans and Greeks, the Italian Renaissance, and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.  In modern times, public art has played an influential role in urban design.


The SMART Generation

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June 9, 2014 By Benjamin H. Tabesh, CPP, Condor Security CEO

The SMART Generation

in Condominium Manager Magazine

Welcome to the smart generation! With the combination of creativity and ever improving technology we have propelled ourselves forward into the future. We have created solutions to everyday problems that in the past were on dreams of science fiction. One demonstration of this is Smart devices. Terms for various protocols connecting smart devices have now become part of our regular vocabulary such as Bluetooth, NFC, WiFi, and 3G.

Canadian Security Magazine – 2013 Salary Survey

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November 1, 2013 By Condor’s Team

Canadian Security Magazine conducted a survey in October to collect information related to average salaries in the security field. The survey also explored overall job satisfaction ratings, company loyalty and staff retention, training opportunities, and level of expertise.

Condor Security CEO Ben Tabesh was interviewed in the Canadian Security Magazine article which published the results of the survey. Mr. Tabesh emphasized the importance of training and continual professional advancement for those in the private security field


Security Licence Changes – Aug 2011

August 11, 2011 By Condor’s Team

The Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services is proposing to increase the term of licence to two years from one year. Many Ontario-based Security Guards find it a hassle to renew their licences each year.

The Ministry is also proposing that individual licenses will expire on the licensee’s date of birth.

These proposals are intended to make the private security licensing process more convenient and efficient for licensees.

If approved, it is likely that this regulatory amendment will come into effect in early 2012


Dr. George Thompson, 1942 – 2011

June 18, 2011 B y Condor’s Team

Sadly, Dr. George Thompson, the creator of the highly effective and internationally recognized system of tactical communications, Verbal Judo, passed away at his home in Auburn, New York on June 7th, 2011.

A true innovator in the law enforcement field, Dr. Thompson originally created Verbal Judo to give police officers a more effective tool for resolving confrontations without using physical force. Since then, the system has evolved to fit the needs of other law enforcement fields, including private security, and has even spread to business, health care, government, and individual levels.

Condor can say with confidence and evidence that implementing Verbal Judo into it’s security training course curriculum has increased the quality of its security services and the safety and overall motivation of its staff.

We have a great deal of respect for the decades of effort put into the Verbal Judo system by Dr. Thompson and his team at the Verbal Judo Institute. Because of Dr. Thompson, innumerable lives have been saved, personal relationships strengthened, and good people working honourable jobs have had a much easier time maintaining their professionalism and integrity.

Thank you Doc, for making the world a better place